There are many reasons why hip pain may occur. This could be after an injury or fall, or it could be caused by conditions such as arthritis, which causes the joint surfaces to become damaged and irregular.
Hip pain may be occasional or it may be there all the time.
ABOUT THE HIP JOINT
The hip joint is a ball and socket joint, formed by the acetabulum (socket) and the femoral head (ball). The joint joins the top of the femur (thigh bone) to the ilium (pelvis).
CAUSES OF HIP PAIN
There is a variety of possible causes of hip pain, ranging from injury to conditions such as arthritis. Some common causes of hip pain include:
- Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage in the hip joint breaks down over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and inflammation.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease that can affect the joints, including the hip joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and inflammation.
- Bursitis: Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, small sacs of fluid that cushion the joints, including the hip joint. Bursitis can cause pain and tenderness around the hip joint.
- Tendinitis: This is an inflammation of the tendons, which are the bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Tendinitis can occur in the hip joint, causing pain and tenderness.
- Strains or sprains: These are injuries that occur when the muscles, tendons, or ligaments in the hip joint are stretched or torn. Strains and sprains can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness.
- Hip fractures: Hip fractures are breaks in the bones of the hip joint, which can be caused by trauma, such as a fall. Hip fractures can cause severe pain and may require surgery.
- Pinched nerves: When nerves in the hip joint are compressed or pinched, it can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the hip area.
- Hip impingement: This is a condition where the bones of the hip joint rub against each other, causing pain and discomfort.
- Infections: Infections in the hip joint can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness.
- Other conditions: Rarely, hip pain may be caused by a more serious condition such as cancer.
TREATMENT & HIP SURGERY
Treatment may be doing nothing if no treatment is required, using pain relief, activity modification, walking aids or injections. These options are suitable in certain situations.
In some instances, surgery may be necessary. For example if the knee is unstable (instability or gives way) or there is significant injury. Find out more about hip surgery:
HIP SURGERY BLOGS
Read more about hip surgery in these latest blog posts:
Our guest blogger tells us how she has adapted to day-to-day life after being diagnosed with Avascular Necrosis. She explains more about her hip and leg pain, and the changes she made to her routine.
If you are undergoing hip surgery soon, or are contemplating it in the near future, this blog provides thoughtworthy and reassuring information about what to expect after surgery.
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