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Knee pain can be the result of an injury such as a sporting injury, a fall, or something else. It could also be caused by conditions such as arthritis. The pain may be occasional or it may be there all the time.


The knee joint is the largest joint in the body. It is formed by the top end of the tibia (shin bone), the far end of the femur (thigh bone) and the under surface of the patella (kneecap). 

The surfaces of the bone are lined with articular cartilage which is composed of type II collagen and proteoglycans. 

Knee diagram



To find out the cause of your knee pain, you will need to book an appointment with a specialist. Mr Asopa specialises in the treatment of knee pain. Click here to book an appointment with Mr Asopa.

Further investigation may be required, such as an X-ray or MRI scan.


Treatment may be doing nothing and using pain relief. For some injuries, rest, ice, compression and elevation can help with swelling and the initial injury. Physiotherapy can help with range of motion and strengthening which can improve stability. These options are suitable in certain situations.

In some instances, surgery may be necessary. For example if the knee is unstable (instability or gives way) or there is significant injury. Find out more about surgery:

Book your Appointment
with Mr Vipin Asopa

Mr Asopa sees patients at a number of hospitals across London. To book an appointment or for any questions or information, please contact Mr Asopa's Medical Secretaries Mandy and Mary by phone or email: